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The French 10 franc Marianne gold coin was issued between 1899 and 1914. The inscribed text on the edge of the coin was changed from 1907 onwards due to the separation of the state and church. All other specifications stayed the same.
The obverse portrays the motif of Marianne, the French national symbol of liberty, carrying a wreath made of oak leaves. Surrounding Marianne is the text “REPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE”. Below Marianne’s chin is the signature of the master engraver “J.C.CHAPLAIN”.
The reverse picturesa standing rooster in grass. Surrounding the rooster is the text “LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE”, which translates as “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”. Either side of the rooster’s shanks is the denominationof “10 Fcs” and below is the year of mintage.
Between 1898 and 1907, the egde contains the text “DIEU PROTÉGE LA FRANCE”, which translates as “God protect France”, and between 1907 and 1914 the text “LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE”, which translates as “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity”.
Marianne depicted on the French 10 franc gold coin
When the 10 franc Marianne coins were introduced in 1899, they continued in the footsteps of the monetary tradition of the French Republic where circulating gold francs, instead of depicting the effigy of a king or emperor, portrayed French symbols of victory, liberty, justice. The most famous and pronounced French emblems that represent these principles are the rooster and Marianne. The rooster which is shown on the reverse side of the 10 franc gold coinis a French Christian symbol associated with victory. The rooster’s crowing to the sunriseis considered to be the daily victory of light over darkness and evil. The rooster had become an important symbol during the French Renaissance period, in which the Catholic Church played a decisive role in France’s state affairs. Today, the rooster is the unofficial symbol of France and is most often used as a national mascot at sports events.
The effigy of Marianne which is portrayed on the obverse of the 10 franc gold coin is a combination of the allegorical personifications of liberty and justice. Painted for the first time in 1775 by a young French painter, Marianne gained popularity in the aftermath of the French Revolution when the newly elected assembly needed a fresh symbol to represent the First French Republic. The effigy of a young Marianne was chosen, representing a young but determined new Republic. Marianne is today France’s national symbol, portrayedon French euro coins, stamps, and official government logos. She is a staunch Republic an emblem associated with the triumph of freedom against absolute rule.
|French 10 Francs Marianne Gold Coin||Gold weight|
|Weight||Nominal||Diameter in mm||Sample||Weight in g||Grams|
|3.22 g||10 Francs||19||21.6 carats||3.22439||2.9019499|
|6.45 g||20 francs||21||21.6 carats||6.4516||5.80644|